Interesting and Important Facts about Jammu and Kashmir - Knowboy

Interesting and Important Facts about Jammu and Kashmir

Interesting and Important Facts about Jammu and Kashmir


Jammu and Kashmir in India is the beauty of nature, which is called Haven on Earth. People are visiting to see Kashmir beauty, lakes. The total part of Kashmir is not controlled by India, some part is controlled by Pakistan. The Indian portion of Kashmir is called Jammu and Kashmir and it's capital in summer Srinagar and winter Jammu. The Pakistani portion is called Azad Kashmir and its capital is Muzaffarabad. The Great Himalaya is passing through it.  The colour of Kashmir nature was changed in every season of a year, that's the nature of Kashmir. In winter heavy snowfall held in Kashmir valley.



Location and Area:

 In the top of India Map there Jammu and Kasmir are Located. Location of Jammu and Kashmir Are It is northeastern of India. The area of state J&K Under India  222,236
km² Jammu Kashmir and Ladakh are the part of state J&K.
The area of  Kashmir 15%Jammu 26%Ladakh 59 % in J&K.


Jammu & Kashmir History: 

It was born in 1846 state of British East India company. The first king was Gulab Singh from Jamwal Rajput Dogra. On 1947 26th October Hari Singha the last king agrees to Jammu and Kashmir to part of India.


In world history article 370 of the Indian Constitution gives the state almost complete Indipendate. It’s the only Indian state to have its own flag. Due to Article 370, it was distributed in three parts J&K under India, Azad Kashmir under Pakistan and Aksai Chin under china. Now it is removed on On 5 August 2019 and now it is a one of state of India like other states.


Jammu & Kashmir culture:

The culture of Jammu and Kashmir has a very big difference between other states. The culture food, dress, languages are unique and give an iconic impression to Kasmir. Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam have contributed to their culture of Kashmir. The people of the Kasmir are mainly spoken in Koshur language. The traditional art of Kashmir is handicrafts.handicrafts of Kashmir is world-famous for its art and design. Dress of Kashmiri women is famous in all over India which called The Pheran made of cotton, wool, and silk designed. Sheer Chai is the traditional drink which served in Kashmiri tea-pot Kehwa. There are servel traditional food famous are kahva and  Wazwan which are mainly meat-based dishes. The Dumhal and Roaff are the famous dance in the Kashmir, Dumhal is performed by men and Roaff is a folk dance performed by women. The main attraction of tourists in Kashmir is traditional small wooden boats and houseboats of various lakes.



 Festivals: 

There are many festivals are celebrated in Jammu and Kashmir.
some of famous are  



Hemis Festival: This day is declared as the state holiday.


Urs: It is celebrated on the last day of Ramzan.

Eid ul Azha and Eid ul Fitr: These two festivals are celebrated which are important to Muslims of Kashmir.

Baisakhi: 
It is an important festival of the Sikhs. It is celebrated on April 13th every year.

Lohri: It is the harvest fest of Kashmir which celebrates on 13 January every year.

Tulip Festival: It celebrates during the spring season.
Gurez Festival: It is celebrated at the time of July or August in the valley of Gurez.

Shikara Festival: For promoting tourism of Dal Lake government starts this festival in 2016. It is celebrated every year.




Heritage of Kashmir:

The Kasmir has many Heritage places, Which give an attraction to tourists.

Amar Mahal Palace: was made by raja Amar Singh, now it is converted into a museum in Jammu.


Akhnoor Fort: is near to Chenab river was built in 1762-1802.which was started by Mian Tej Singh and finished the structure of the fort by  Raja Alum Singh.


Bahu Fort: The age of the fort is 3000 years. The
 Bahu Fort is a historical fort of Jammu. Constructed near Tawi River made by Raja Bahulochan.



Most Popular Tourist Spots of Kashmir

It is the biggest tourist spot in India. Tourism gets the main role on Income of this state. More than 10 million people visit Jammu and Kashmir. Places to visit in Kashmir are made by god very carefully, gives us a great look of nature. Jammu is famous for temples and Kashmir is Famous for its lakes and gardens. A beautiful view of nature you will see when you travel on the toy train of Kashmir. 

Srinagar is the most visit city of Kashmir. It is also known as Mirror to the mountains. It is one of the beautiful places around India. There are several entertaining places like boating on lakes, trekking on the mountain, water skiing, bird park. The main attraction of  Srinagar is Dal Lake. It's contributed the best image to the Kasmir culture.

Gulmarg is a place where mainly snowfall. It is known as Meadow of flowers. Here you can do Mountain Trekking, skiing, biking 
and Gondola rides to see the valley.

Leh is the another best and beautiful place of Kashmir. If you want to see it's beauty then you want to visit it in summer. there are Alpine lakes and Lofty mountains are one of the best views. It is most popular for bike riding.

Jammu City is famous for Mata Vishno Devi Temple.most of people came to visit also the peer baba temple, Mahamaya Temple Bahu fort and Amar Mahal Palace which are most popular.


Other Tourist spots of Kasmir

Kargil, Sonamarg,Jama Masjid, Kupwara,Kathua, Nishat Garden, Pulwama, Pahalgam, Hemis,Kishtwar, Doda, Poonch, Anantnag, Shalimar Garden, Chashmashahi, Yousmarg.




List of Lakes:

 In Jammu and Kasmir there are 27 lakes. various type of lakes are here some show beautiful of nature and some show the culture of Kashmir.

Dal Lake

Dal Lake is the top in the list of beautiful lakes in Jammu and Kasmir. The houseboats, floating houses, channels make it more beautiful. It is the main attraction of Srinagar.

Tso Moriri Lake

Tso Moriri is one of the highest lakes in the world, the height of lake 
 4.522m above sea level. The temperature of water always at the negative of this lake.


Wular Lake

Wular lake is Asia's largest freshwater lake. It is near to Srinagar. The total area of the lake is 130sq km. many people are depending on it for livelihood.


Mansar Lake 



Mansar lake is perfect for those people who love to spent time with nature. This lake shows more beautiful in summer season when it is full of lotus. this location is good for photography.


Gangabal Lake


Gangabal beautiful lake situated at 3570m above sea level with a beautiful background of mountains. It is also called Haramukh Ganga. People who love fishing Must visit for a nice experience.

Some other lakes , Gadsar Lake, Anchar Lake, Krishansar LakeManasbal Lake, Nigeen Lake, Pangong Tso, Kausar Nag, Tso Kar, Marsar Lake, Tulian lake, Brari Nambal, Gil Sar, Nandan Sar Lake, Tarsar Lake, Gadsar Lake , Khushal Sar, Nundkol Lake, Satsar Lake, Vishansar Lake, Sheshnag Lake.



Interesting facts about Kashmir 

The floating post office of India is located in Dal lake of Kashmir.

The main attraction of Dal lake is the floating market. Many of Bollywood movies were shot in there.

Kasmir is called Switzerland of India.

K2 world 2nd and India's 1st apex is in Kashmir.

chasme shahi garden the beautiful place which was made by Shah Jahan in 1632.

Vidhu Vinod Chopra a great film director was born in Kashmir.

5000-year-old ice made Siva Lingam in Amarnath cave of Jammu and Kashmir.

This state of India shares an international border with three countries on West Pakistan Northwest  Afghanistan and Northeast with China. 

India's longest and Asia's fourth longest railway tunnel the Pir Pinjal tunnel is in Kashmir, which length is 11215 km.

There are only shows four seasons due to low rain fail. these seasons are winter, summer, spring, or autumn.
 



Why Kashmir called Haven on Earth?

Its called because of the natural beauty and enjoyable weather on earth you will get here. The great Himalaya is passing through it, some beautiful lakes, Good culture of society is in Kashmir. This place is full up with iconic temple, mosque of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam. Kasmir has given us a good Image of nature.


Occupation: 

The main occupation of the Kashmiri people is agriculture but Tourism also effects on the occupation. They are mainly agriculture Rice, wheat, tobacco, cotton, cauliflower, saffron, potato, carrot, radish, onions e.t.c. The weather of Kashmir mainly cold, so it's good for farming of fruits like apple, cherries, plums, pears, mulberry, walnuts, peaches. 


Education:

Overall literacy rate in Kashmir is higher than the other states of India. But female literacy is lower than male. In Jammu Kasmir, there are two famous universities are established. The one University of Kashmir and the another University of Jammu both established in 1969.


Conclusion :

This article all about discusses the marvellous Jammu and Kashmir. It's about history, culture, amazing, social facts, occupation, Lakes and places to visit in Kashmir. 
Interesting and Important Facts about Jammu and Kashmir Interesting and Important Facts about Jammu and Kashmir Reviewed by The innovative on August 22, 2019 Rating: 5

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